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Legal education in the India generally refers to the education of lawyers before entry into practice. Legal education in India is offered by the traditional universities and the specialised law universities and schools only after completion of an undergraduate degree or as an integrated degree.

In India, legal education has been traditionally offered as a three years graduate degree. However the structure has been changed since 1987. Law degrees in India are granted and conferred in terms of the Advocates Act, 1961, which is a law passed by the Parliament both on the aspect of legal education and also regulation of conduct of legal profession.[1] Under the Act, the Bar Council of India is the supreme regulatory body to regulate the legal profession in India and also to ensure the compliance of the laws and maintenance of professional standards by the legal profession in the country.

In India, a student can pursue a legal course only after completing an undergraduate course in any discipline. However, following the national law school model, one can study law as an integrated course of five years after passing the senior secondary examination.

  • Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) - The LL.B. is the most common law degree offered and conferred by Indian universities which has a duration of three years. Almost all law universities follow a standard LL.B. curriculum, wherein students are exposed to the required bar subjects.
  • Integrated undergraduate degrees - B.A. LL.B., B.Sc. LL.B., BBA. LLB., B.Com. LL.B. These degrees are mostly offered in the autonomous law schools having a duration of five years.
  • Master of Laws (LL.M.) - The LL.M. is most common postgraduate law degree which has a duration of two years.
  • Master of Business Law
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
  • Integrated MBL-LLM/ MBA-LLM. -Generally a three years double degree integrated course with specialisation in business law.

After having Law degree, person can practice in district level court. After much experience he/she can be high court or supreme court lawer/judge. For most of the government related stuff like notary, proof attestation, making agreements etc., a lawer is required. So, lawer can make fast money by even doing small things too.

As of 2009, admission to LLB and LLM in most of the autonomous law schools in India is based on performance in Common Law Admission Test (CLAT). However, the National Law University, Delhi, National Law University, Orissa and the private autonomous law schools conduct their own admission tests. Admission to Jindal Global Law School is done through the LSAT examination conducted by Law School Admission Council, USA conducted by Pearson VUE, through its affiliate in India.

In most of the traditional universities, the admission is done on the basis of an admission test to the constituent law college or a common admission test for its affiliated colleges (Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University). Some traditional universities and affiliated colleges also admits student on the basis of merit in the preceding examination.

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By Aman Sharma
Posted on 7 months ago
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